At 18 months, the kid walks: he strikes alone and takes the initiative to get away from the mother and father.
Manipulate objects with ability and pace robust to regulate. He needs to the touch everything to know him. As well as, he has entry to language and expresses an increasing number of typically what he needs. Between 18 months and three years, the character is reaffirmed. However, the youngster is continually divided between his need for autonomy and his feeling of dependence on his mother and father. He experiences each the temptation to flee from his management and the necessity for his presence to reassure him. Dwell a hectic interval.
All his discoveries contain emotional shocks.
Immersed in contradictory impulses, might be agitated, nervous, and undertake attitudes of opposition not devoid of aggressiveness. The similarity with the difficulties he’ll face once more in adolescence is shocking: able to launch into the conquest of the world, needs to eliminate the authority of the mother and father, however, should admit that he wants them. The kid expresses this internal battle with generally violent habits. Mother and father ought to put together to deal with this hectic interval.
Between the yr and three years, the kid will wish to reaffirm the autonomy that, little by little, is being solid. He’ll present a perspective of opposition concerning his mother and father. It’s essential to arm your self with persistence, whereas remaining agency, to face their denials, their tantrums, and their aggressiveness.
Between the yr and three years of age, the kid experiences vital affective conflicts. Throughout this elementary stage of his growth, he must be inspired to specific himself, inviting him to talk, to play. You also need to be helped to dwell new experiences and to proceed your progress: while you begin, for instance, to discover a spot in the home or backyard, permit them to take the initiative, whereas quietly watching over your security. He might be taught with persistence to make use of a brand new toy, however without stopping him from utilizing it in his means.
If they’re tolerant and understanding, whereas demonstrating an agency and reassuring authority, they may also help the kid overcome the difficulties he faces.
The destructive as a provocation
The no, that the kid is aware of methods to use since one yr of age turns into an elementary phrase of his vocabulary between 2 and three years! To reaffirm, it’s essential to contradict. Thus, he typically responds systematically “no” to the questions or the proposals made to him.
Once they say “let’s go for a stroll,” if they ask you “do you wish to play with the doll?” Or they are saying “to eat” …
heat all times solutions “no,” even when he would have favored replying affirmatively. By saying “no” a priori, the kid positive factors time to decide, to replicate earlier than selecting. On this means, he additionally provokes his mother and father, to check his authority. He needs to drive them to react, to repeat themselves, to threaten and even, if essential, to scold him: by thus monopolizing all his consideration, he feels intensely that he exists.
This perspective of refusal shouldn’t be interpreted as a failure on the part of the mother and father. Quite the opposite, it confirms that the kid is constructing his character, that he’s changing into an entire particular person and that he’s getting away from his mom.
Even so, a habit of this sort is just not normally straightforward to bear, since it could present itself in nearly all areas of day by day life: in video games, when dressing and, particularly, in the case of bedtime and to meals.
– Refuses to sleep. A baby who, for some months, had discovered his sleep rhythms, refuses to go to mattress and out of the blue reawakens at evening. When calling loudly at evening, not wanting to go to sleep, attempt to verify the facility that exerts on their mother and father.
– It turns into tough on the desk. The kid can also specific opposition within the meals: he refuses to take sure varieties of meals, he needs the bottle he had left a very long time in the past, or he rigorously selects the few individuals with whom he accepts to eat.
Very quickly, he understands that his refusal to eat destabilizes mother and father. If they confront him brazenly to drive him to eat, they run the danger of being cursed. The kid claims the proper to decide on meals and cease consuming when it’s full, and oldsters cannot afford management what they eat. On this area, as within the others, it has to be accepted that it acquires better autonomy. You need to believe your intuition to dwell (you’ll not let your self-die of starvation!) And attempt to take your variations of urge for food, if not with humor,